The FDA evaluation of the evidence
The regulatory pathway for biosimilar medicines is a unique and thoughtful process. It is designed to help ensure the development and approval of high-quality biosimilar medicines. Approved biosimilar medicines have no clinically meaningful differences in terms of safety and efficacy from the relevant reference product, based on the totality of evidence from analytical, nonclinical, pharmacokinetic, and clinical studies. The totality of evidence is used by the FDA when evaluating new biosimilar products.
Robust standards for quality, efficacy, and safety: a closer look at the totality of evidence
- Robust analytical testing, including comparative structural and functional characterization, to establish high similarity of the biosimilar and the reference product
- Nonclinical testing to evaluate the toxicity and safety profiles of the biosimilar
- Comparative human pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies and clinical immunogenicity assessment
- In certain cases, additional comparative clinical studies may be warranted to help ensure that there are no clinically meaningful differences between the products